This argues that working mothers ultimately do worse in the job market by choice.  The author, Daniel Indiviglio, says that the different results are largely attributable to freely made choices, rather than gender.

But, he ignores the lingering social effects of female discrimination over the years.  Women are still socialized into the roles they used to inhabit and out of the roles they are now technically free to seize.  There are still social forces that push women from brains to beauty, from positions of leadership to positions of care, from assertiveness to gracefulness.  The point is not that society pushes them towards something bad or less noble, or that many women wouldn’t choose those roles anyway.  The point is that society shouldn’t push, and when it does, it deprives women of choices.  It’s unfair, and we become the instruments of that unfairness when we fail to stop inappropriate social pressure.  We accomplished a lot to rid our laws and formal systems of discrimination.  But, informal social teachings, outmoded ideals and conflicting values have huge social effects.  That’s a major reason why gender is still a fair and important distinction in our society.  It’s the reason Indiviglio’s wrong.